The European roe deer (Capreolus capreolus), also known as the western roe deer, chevreuil, or simply roe deer, is an Eurasian species of deer.
The male of the species is sometimes referred to as a roebuck.
The roe deer is relatively small, reddish and grey-brown, and well-adapted to cold environments. The species is widespread in Europe, from the Mediterranean to Scandinavia and from Britain to the Caucasus. It is distinct from the somewhat larger Siberian roe deer.